Melanesia is a region of Oceania.
Countries and territories
Melanesia consists of the following small island nations:
A major island tourist destination. Resorts, coral reefs and beaches.
|New Caledonia (France) |
France in the tropics but at twice the price. A short flight from Australia.
|Solomon Islands |
Site of major Second World War battles that involved, among others, JFK. Its main island is Guadalcanal.
Rewarding destination of very disparate islands with a relatively well-developed tourist infrastructure. As the New Hebrides, was a British-French Condominium until 1980.
Geographically, the Australian island territory Norfolk Island is situated in Melanesia, although no ethnic Melanesian people ever settled there:
|Norfolk Island (Australia) |
A small island home to about 2,000 people.
The large nation of Papua New Guinea and the Torres Strait Islands in Australia are usually considered part of Melanesia, and sometimes its neighbour West Papua (Indonesia) is, too. Though this is accurate, culturally and historically speaking, both are covered in separate articles.
- 1 Honiara — the capital of the Solomon Islands
- 2 Luganville — the second city of Vanuatu.
- 3 Nouméa — the capital of New Caledonia.
- 4 Nadi ー Fiji's main tourist hub.
- 5 Port-Vila — Vanuatu's capital.
- 6 Suva — the large capital of Fiji.
- 7 Le Mont-Dore — the major hub for New Caledonia's "Grand Sud" meaning the Great South.
- 1 Espiritu Santo — the largest island in Vanuatu
- 2 Isle of Pines — a small island in New Caledonia and one of the most beautiful islands in the Pacific
- 3 Minerva Reefs
The main way to get around Melanesia is by plane, however, when it comes to smaller islands, boat is your best option. A car can't run in the ocean should that not be obvious.
Each country and territory of Melanesia has exactly one world heritage site. They include:
- The Levuka Historical Port Town in Fiji.
- The Lagoons of New Caledonia.
- East Rennell in the Solomon Islands, the largest raised coral atoll in the world.
- Chief Roi Mata’s Domain in the Shefa province of Vanuatu.
- Australian Convict Sites on the Norfolk Island.
As much of Melanesia is unspoiled and untouched, natural sights are the biggest tourist attractions. From the reefs, lagoons and mountains of New Caledonia to the beaches in Fiji and Norfolk, much of the natural scenery is a unique sight in their own right. Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands are also nowhere near short in natural attractions; however, as both those countries get fewer tourists, the highlights of those areas are often underrated.
Although some indigenous villages are willing to take tourists in, others may not. Often those that take you in are the villages that are tourist spots.
Melanesia is well connected to the rest of Oceania.