Melanesia is a region of Oceania.

Countries and territories


Melanesia consists of the following small island nations:

Melanesia regions - Color-coded map
A major island tourist destination. Resorts, coral reefs and beaches.
  New Caledonia (France)
France in the tropics but at twice the price. A short flight from Australia.
  Solomon Islands
Site of major Second World War battles. Its main island is Guadalcanal.
Rewarding destination of very disparate islands with a relatively well-developed tourist infrastructure. As the New Hebrides, was a British-French Condominium until 1980.

Geographically, the Australian island territory Norfolk Island is situated in Melanesia, although no ethnic Melanesian people ever settled there:

  Norfolk Island (Australia)
A small island home to about 2,000 people.

The large nation of Papua New Guinea and the Torres Strait Islands in Australia are usually considered part of Melanesia, and sometimes its neighbour Papua (Indonesia) is, too. Though this is accurate, culturally and historically speaking, both are covered in separate articles.


View over Nouméa
  • 1 Honiara — the capital of the Solomon Islands
  • 2 Luganville — the second city of Vanuatu.
  • 3 Nouméa — the capital of New Caledonia.
  • 4 Nadi ー Fiji's main tourist hub.
  • 5 Port-Vila — Vanuatu's capital.
  • 6 Suva — the large capital of Fiji.
  • 7 Le Mont-Dore — the major hub for New Caledonia's "Grand Sud" meaning the Great South.

Other destinations




Get in


There are flights from Australia and New Zealand to Melanesian destinations. Fiji and New Caledonia have some direct flights from Asia and North America too.

Get around


The main way to get around Melanesia is by plane, however, when it comes to smaller islands, boat is your best option. A car can't run in the ocean should that not be obvious.


Canoeing in East Rennell

Each country and territory of Melanesia has exactly one world heritage site. They include:

As much of Melanesia is unspoiled and untouched, natural sights are the biggest tourist attractions. From the reefs, lagoons and mountains of New Caledonia to the beaches in Fiji and Norfolk, much of the natural scenery is a unique sight in their own right. Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands are also nowhere near short in natural attractions; however, as both those countries get fewer tourists, the highlights of those areas are often underrated.

Although some indigenous villages are willing to take tourists in, others may not. Often those that take you in are the villages that are tourist spots.







Stay safe


Go next


Melanesia is well connected to the rest of Oceania.

This region travel guide to Melanesia is an outline and may need more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. If there are Cities and Other destinations listed, they may not all be at usable status or there may not be a valid regional structure and a "Get in" section describing all of the typical ways to get here. Please plunge forward and help it grow!