John F. Kennedy International Airport
John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK IATA) is in the borough of Queens, New York. As one would expect of the main airport of a city like the Big Apple, JFK is one of the busiest airports worldwide and also the busiest airport in the USA in terms of international passenger traffic.
Landing or taking off from JFK has been much improved by the addition of the multibillion-dollar Bay Runway in 2010, but due to sheer volume, it remains the worst airport in the country in terms of flight delays. If possible, do not connect using JFK, especially when switching terminals. If you must connect via JFK, make sure you have sufficient time: For connections from domestic (US or Canada) flights to other destinations in the US or Canada, allow 2–3 hours; for transfers from domestic to international destinations, allow 3–4 hours; for international to domestic, 3–5 hours; and for international to international, 3–6 hours. International travellers other than those from Canada, Bermuda or Visa-Waiver Program countries are most strongly advised to avoid connecting in JFK to other international flights, as the security and immigration procedures for non-US citizens are monumentally time-consuming and tiresome.
JFK has no direct public transport connections with other New York City airports, such as Newark (EWR) or LaGuardia (LGA). Connections that require you to travel from one airport to another are very difficult and expensive, particularly around rush hour, and will likely involve an expensive taxi, Uber, or Lyft ride. It is possible to connect from JFK to EWR by taking a four-legged, two-hour public transport trip; each leg requires a separate fare per person. Connecting between JFK and LGA requires at least three journeys on public transport, with fares on each.
If you arrive at this airport from overseas, be prepared to wait in line at Customs & Border Protection, often over an hour if you are not a permanent resident of the United States. As cellphones are not allowed in waiting lines, you may want to bring a book or other non-digital entertainment.
If you are departing from this airport, beware that, as a huge and congested airport with five terminals, it's recommended that you make sure before you arrive what terminal you are departing from, such as by doing a search for your airline at JFK's site, linked at the top of the page, and try to arrive 2 hours before domestic flights and 3 hours before international ones, to check in and pass through security without a huge increase in blood pressure and/or a last minute dash worthy of the Olympics, but without any of the medals.
In the 2020s, A New JFK, a $19 billion project, involves major construction on four of JFK's five terminals. Terminal 2 ended operations in January 2023 so that it could be demolished for construction of a new Terminal One (replacing Terminal 1, with a numeral) in 2026, for example. There are frequent reroutes on the roads and at terminals during construction; even experienced flyers may be disoriented when arriving at JFK for the first time in a while. Confirm with your airline about where your flights arrive and depart, and allow extra time to get around the airport.
Too many terminals
While JFK still has more terminals than most major airports, it is at its smallest terminal count in history. When the airport opened, it had a whopping ten terminals, meaning that it reversed the trend among airport expansion by slowly decreasing the terminal count over time (mostly since older ones would be demolished to make way for other terminals to be renovated or replaced).
There are five terminals (1, 4, 5, 7, and 8) that are not so close to each other, so it is important to note which terminal your flight leaves from. Check the JFK Airport website or with your airline for the correct terminal before you go. Terminals 2, 3, 6, and 9, and the remote Tower Air terminal, have been decommissioned; the A New JFK project will replace Terminal 7 with a newly built Terminal 6. Old maps or guides might send you to the wrong place, although signage aboard AirTrain JFK is kept up to date.
The airlines that serve JFK are spread across the airport. Delta Air Lines operates a major international hub out of Terminal 4, while American Airlines has a hub in Terminal 8. Terminal 5 serves as the base of operations for low-cost carrier JetBlue. Most of the international airlines which serve JFK are split between Terminals 1 and 4, though there are also some operating out of Terminals 5, 7, and 8.
The terminal colors are related to the parking garage that serves them, for example Terminal 1 is colored green because it is served by the green garage.
The terminals are encountered in the order of their numbers - for example, you will get to Terminal 7 after passing 5.
The airport only has one airside shuttle, for passengers on connecting American/JetBlue itineraries between terminals 5 and 8. Other than that, there is no sterile transit between terminals, and moving between them requires exiting and re-clearing security. Extra time should be allocated for transferring between terminals.
|Terminal 1 |
Aeroflot, Air China, Air France, Austrian Airlines, Azerbaijan Airlines, Brussels Airlines, Cayman Airways, China Eastern Airlines, EVA Air, ITA Airways, Japan Airlines, Korean Air, Lufthansa, Norwegian, Philippine Airlines, Royal Air Maroc, Saudia, Turkish Airlines, Viva Aerobus.
|Terminal 4 |
Aeromexico, Air Europa, Air India, Air Serbia, All Nippon Airways, Asiana Airlines, Avianca, Caribbean Airlines, China Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Copa Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Eastern Airlines, EgyptAir, El Al, Emirates, Etihad Airways, Hainan Airlines, Kenya Airways, KLM, Kuwait Airways, LATAM, Singapore Airlines, South African Airways, Swiss International Air Lines, Uzbekistan Airlines, Virgin Atlantic, Volaris, WestJet, XiamenAir
|Terminal 5 |
Cape Air, Hawaiian Airlines, JetBlue, TAP Air Portugal
|Terminal 7 |
Aer Lingus, Aerolineas Argentinas, Alaska Airlines, All Nippon Airways, Eurowings, Iberia, Icelandair, LOT Polish Airlines, Norse Atlantic Airways, United Airlines, Ukraine International Airlines
|Terminal 8 |
Alaska Airlines, American Airlines, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Ethiopian Airlines, Finnair, Iberia, Level Airlines, Qantas, Qatar Airways, Royal Jordanian
All the terminals at JFK have customs and immigration facilities to process the arrival of international flights. JetBlue international arrivals between 10:30PM and 5AM, with the exception of those from airports with U.S. Customs & Border Protection preclearance facilities, are processed at Terminal 4, as Terminal 5's customs and immigration facilities do not operate 24 hours a day.
To get to the city you can choose between the bus (slow and cheap), Airtrain plus subway or train (less painful, but more expensive), many shuttle services (costing around $25), or a cab ($52). With the waiting time for taxis and traffic, the train is often the fastest option.
JFK is in Queens, 12 miles southeast of Lower Manhattan. From the Financial District, it is accessible via the Williamsburg Bridge, the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway, the Long Island Expressway, and the Van Wyck Expressway. From Midtown Manhattan, take the Queens Midtown Tunnel onto the Queens Midtown Expressway, which eventually continues onto the Long Island Expressway, from which you can turn off onto the Van Wyck Expressway towards JFK.
To travel between the city and JFK:
- MTA NYC Bus - costing $2.90 (with MetroCard or OMNY, $3.00 single-ride ticket), these are the cheapest methods of transport, although the slowest to Manhattan. The buses depart from a new ramp near Terminal 5 (signs inside Terminal 5 will point the way). These buses have little room for luggage and go to non-touristy neighborhoods in Queens and Brooklyn. However, they offer connections to the subway and Long Island Railroad. Free transfers between bus and subway are available only with MetroCard or OMNY; the single ride ticket does not allow free transfers. Coins (not bills) are needed to board the buses without a MetroCard or OMNY. MetroCards are sold at Hudson Newsstands in Terminals 1 and 5. Bus to subway/LIRR transfers include:
- Q10[dead link] to:
- Ozone Park-Lefferts Blvd (20 minutes): A train
- Jamaica Avenue and Lefferts Blvd: J and Z trains (walk 3 blocks east to 121st Street Station)
- Kew Gardens (30 minutes): Transfer here to the Long Island Railroad (Kew Gardens Station) with service to Penn Station ($9.00 peak, $6.50 off-peak, $5.00 weekends with CityTicket), Brooklyn, and Long Island. While this option is cheaper than taking the AirTrain to Jamaica and connecting there to the LIRR, LIRR service from here is much less frequent than LIRR service from Jamaica.
- Kew Gardens-Union Turnpike (35 minutes): E and F trains. During rush hours, from this stop, you can take express buses X63, X64, X68, QM18, and QM21 to Manhattan. While these routes are slower and more expensive than taking the subway, they do offer a ride on cloth seats without the crowding. Ask where the bus stops are. One ride on an express bus costs $6, but it is $3.50 as step-up fare if you transfer from the Q10 bus and pay for both with a MetroCard.
- Q3 to:
- Jamaica-179th Street (45 minutes): F train
- B15 to:
- Ashford Street & New Lots Avenue (30 minutes): 3 train.
- Van Sinderen Ave & New Lots Avenue (35 minutes): L train.
- Fulton Street & Kingston-Throop Avenues (60 minutes): C train.
- Flushing Avenue and Broadway: J train all times except weekdays 7AM-1PM towards Manhattan & 1PM-8PM away from Manhattan, M train weekdays
- Q10[dead link] to:
Note that transfers from the B15 to the subway are in some of Brooklyn's roughest neighborhoods, so this route is not recommended at night or for people unfamiliar with the city.
- AirTrain JFK - a people mover system that runs 24 hours daily, connecting all airline terminals, Lefferts Blvd Station (airport parking), and the Federal Circle Station (Car rental & hotel shuttles) for free and $8.25 to enter and to leave through the Howard Beach and Jamaica Stations. The AirTrain runs service to Howard Beach Station to connect with the 'A' train to Brooklyn and Lower Manhattan, and Jamaica Station to connect with the 'E' Train to Queens and Lower Manhattan, the 'J' and 'Z' trains to Brooklyn, Lower Manhattan, and the Long Island Railroad (LIRR) to Penn Station in midtown Manhattan, Brooklyn, or Long Island. At Jamaica, you can use a MetroCard or OMNY to pay your subway fare, and to ride the LIRR within the city, you can buy a CityTicket at a ticket office, a ticket machine, or on the MTA TrainTime app. A CityTicket costs $7.00 during peak hours and $5.00 during off-peak hours; this is in addition to the AirTrain JFK fare. Elevators are available at Jamaica and Penn Stations. Total time to Manhattan using the subway is 60 minutes; using the Long Island Railroad is 35 minutes. This is sometimes faster than taking a taxi. If you do go to Jamaica and want to reach downtown, the J/Z run above ground over a scenic route passing over the Williamsburg Bridge albeit through some rough neighborhoods, are marginally faster than the E and can be much less crowded during peak times than the E. During AM rush towards Manhattan and PM rush away from it, the 'J' and 'Z' do skip-stop service, meaning that some stations are served by one of these trains. Keep this in mind if you are waiting at one of those stations. If returning to the airport on the A train, make sure the destination signs read Far Rockaway or Rockaway Park. Trains to Lefferts Blvd. do not connect directly to the airport! If you board the wrong train, transfer at any station at or before Rockaway Blvd. If you forget and overshoot, go to the end of the line and either go back to Rockaway Boulevard and transfer for a Rockaway Park- or Far Rockaway-bound A train or take the Q10 bus directly to the airport. As with the 'J' and 'Z' trains, when taking the A train during the overnight hours, be alert of your surroundings as the train passes through some rough neighborhoods. Between midnight and 6 AM, the A train makes local stops, so journey time will be slower at that time of day.
- Go Airlink Shuttle - Shared van service to or from most of Manhattan for $17–20 one way. 10% discount for online booking.
- The most flexible route into the city from JFK is a taxi, although the wait for one can be long when many flights arrive simultaneously. Taxi fare runs a flat $52 (+$.50 MTA tax) to anywhere in Manhattan, not including tolls (up to $5.50) or tips, which total up the bill to $65-70. Taxis to points other than Manhattan and taxis to the airport from anywhere use the meter (see taxis in "Get around"). During peak periods, you may have to wait up to 30 minutes for a taxi. The arrivals terminals are filled with drivers hawking illegal livery rides - if you want to take one of these, be sure to negotiate the fare in advance and make sure that it is cheaper than the taxi fare noted above. This also saves the wait in the taxi line. No more than 4 passengers can take a single cab, and no more than 5 can take a single van. In general, though, it is not recommended if you are unfamiliar with the city, as these drivers tend to increase the price at the end of the trip through different excuses.
- Car service/limousines - An alternative to taxis, car services are useful for getting to the airport from the outer boroughs where taxis are harder to find, or if you prefer to have transportation reserved in advance. Typically $52+ between JFK and Manhattan, you can compare prices on Mozio.com
The free AirTrain connects the terminals, but only landside. There's virtually no airside transportation between the terminals, so if you have to change between terminals to make a connection, you will have to go through security again. The only exception is the one between terminals 5 and 8 for passengers connecting between American and JetBlue flights.
Within terminals, if your flight leaves from or arrives at a high-numbered gate, consider using a free motorized shuttle, especially if you are carrying heavy or bulky luggage or would otherwise have trouble walking long distances. (Terminal 4 is nearly half a mile, or 800 meters, long!) Some gates are really quite far from the security check area and the baggage claim area. Drivers do not expect to be tipped for driving you.
JFK has a large number of airline lounges scattered throughout all of its terminals
- Lufthansa Business and Senator Lounge
- Korean Air First and Business Lounges (also accessible through Priority Pass)
- Air France/KLM Lounge. First class passengers have access to the Korean Air Lounge, business class passengers should go to the Lufthansa lounge.
- Delta Sky Club
- Wingtips Lounge (Priority Pass)
- Swiss Business and First Class HON Lounge
- Virgin Atlantic Clubhouse
- El Al King David Lounge
- Air India Maharajah Lounge
- Etihad Airways First and Business Lounge
- Aer Lingus
- JetBlue Rooftop Terrace
- Alaska Lounge. (Also accessible through Priority Pass)
- British Airways Galleries Lounge, First Class Lounge, and Concorde Room
- American Admirals Club, Flagship Lounge, and Flagship First Dining
Eat and drink
All terminals have extensive choices for food post-security. Only Terminal 1, however, has a dedicated food court pre-security, with many well-known chains such as Starbucks, Dunkin' Donuts, McDonald's and Sbarro's.
- There are plenty of ATMs, but almost all charge a $2–3 fee per withdrawal.
Wi-Fi is available throughout the airport, typically for free. Outlets are generally plentiful in recently remodeled terminals.
- Information the information counters near entrances of the terminals do have well-informed people who can pacify and inform flustered or confused travellers about where departures and changes in services can be determined - as well as being able to hand out very useful maps for anyone about to utilise the NY trains system
- Left luggage services are available in the arrivals areas of Terminal 1 and Terminal 4 and cost $4–16 per bag per day, depending on size.
- Luggage trolleys are available either for a fee of $5 in Terminals 3, 7, and 8, or free in Terminals 1 and 4.
- If you're flying Delta or Korean Air, they offer showers in their lounges.
The sole hotel on the grounds of the airport is the TWA Hotel, which was converted from the iconic former TWA Terminal designed by renowned Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinen for use by the now-defunct Trans World Airways (TWA).
- 1 TWA Hotel (at Terminal 5), ☏ , [email protected]. Check-in: 4PM, check-out: 11AM. Day stays available 6AM–8PM. Pets welcome (surcharge).
There are also plenty of chain motels of all service levels are just past the edge of the airport in the neighborhood of Jamaica, with most running shuttle buses to/from the airport. Hotel shuttles pick up from the Federal Circle station on the Jamaica and Howard Beach AirTrain lines, which is free within the airport.
If you're really short on cash, sleeping in the airport is an option, although not an overly pleasant one. Seating can be limited depending on which terminal you're in, the terminals can get cold (so bring a sweater at the very least) and while the cleaning staff generally won't bother you, their loud machines can wake you up. If you're worried about your bags getting stolen, luggage storage is available for a fee in Terminals 1 and 4, although the one in Terminal 4 is the only one open 24 hours a day, in case you need to access your bags before 7AM.
The only neighborhood that's really nearby is Jamaica.
|Routes through John F. Kennedy International Airport|
|Howard Beach/Jamaica ←||N S||→ END|