Sonoma County, located in the North Bay of California's San Francisco Bay Area, is about 45 minutes north of San Francisco. As such, it suffers from what could be dubbed the "Middle Child Syndrome": its main cities of Petaluma and Santa Rosa are smaller and provincial when compared to San Francisco; yet the area is not the untamed wilderness of California's North Coast. Sonoma County. Nor is it as well-known or touristy as the neighboring Napa Valley, which takes most of the credit for driving California's wine industry.
It would be a mistake, however, to pass up an opportunity to visit Sonoma County. The area has the same post-1960s flavor of Marin County, and the same sophisticated oenophilia as Napa to its east. Its coastal region is beautiful and rugged, and the agricultural pastureland is some of the most quintessentially beautiful to be found in California. With crowds of tourists clogging the roads of Napa Valley, Sonoma' County is an appealing alternative.
Cities, towns, and unincorporated areas
Sonoma County can be considered to consist of three parts:
- The central corridor, along route 101, with the large majority of the county's population. From north to south, there are seven incorporated cities and towns, plus Geyserville and Fulton:
- West County, west of route 101. Sebastopol is the only incorporated city in this area:
- Sonoma Valley, east of route 101:
- 1 Armstrong Redwoods State Natural Reserve
- 2 Fort Ross – historic fort from the 19th-century Russian colonization of California
Sonoma County is part of California Wine Country, and has a wide variety of prominent vineyards.
The closest airport in the area is Charles M. Schultz Sonoma County Airport (STS IATA) 8 mi (13 km) north of Santa Rosa with nonstop service from Dallas-Fort Worth, Burbank, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Orange County (CA), Palm Springs, Phoenix, Portland, San Diego, and Seattle with Avelo, American Airlines and Alaska Airlines.
Next nearest airport is San Francisco International Airport (SFO IATA), 70 mi (110 km) south of Santa Rosa, along US 101 with non-stop service from Southern California, from around the U.S., Canada, Mexico, Central America, Europe, East & Southeast Asia, Middle East and Oceania. Alternatively there is also Oakland International Airport (OAK IATA), across the bay, from SFO as the nearest airport for those traveling to the area from all parts of the U.S. with Allegiant, Southwest or Spirit Airlines and international connections from El Salvador, the Azores in Portugal and Mexico.
Russian River is about one hour north of the Golden Gate Bridge on Highway 101. For most resorts, exit 101 at River Road, the first exit after Santa Rosa and head west (left). Forestville is 9 miles out, Guerneville is 13, Monte Rio is 17, and Jenner-by-the-Sea (where the river empties into the Pacific) is about 22 miles. For less crowded stretches of river, continue north to Healdsburg and beyond.
Golden Gate Transit routes #101 and 172 via Rohnert Park, Novato, Petaluma, San Rafael; and Greyhound (via San Rafael & Oakland) bring passengers from San Francisco. Get off at Santa Rosa's transit mall downtown. From there, Sonoma County Transit routes 20 and 22 offer service to western Sonoma County, including Guerneville and several other points along the Russian River.
From the north Mendicino Transit routes #65 & 95 connect passengers from Fort Brag and Point Arena in Mendocino County to Santa Rosa while Greyhound comes from Arcata in Humboldt County to Santa Rosa through, Eureka, Rio Del, Garberville, Willits, Ukia on US Hwy 101.
Sonoma-Marin Area Rail Transit, or SMART, connects Sonoma County Airport, Santa Rosa, Rohnert Park, and Petaluma with Novato, San Rafael, and Larkspur in Marin County. The Larkspur station allows connections to the Golden Gate Ferry to San Francisco.
Sonoma County Transit offers limited shuttle runs between Guerneville, Monte Rio and other points. Hitchhiking is still socially acceptable in this area, but exercise caution and good judgment.
The Russian River region is a summer resort and wine area in Sonoma that is popular for canoeing, trout and salmon fishing, tubing, beach activities, and wine. The main resort towns on the river are Healdsburg and Guerneville, which since the 1970s have been a popular family, wine enthusiast, outdoorsman, and gay-friendly resort area. The Russian River boasts has a number of fine vineyards, with a specialty in Pinot Noirs. Wineries in the area tend to be smaller and more laid-back than in other parts of Sonoma and neighbouring Napa.
The Vineman and Barb's race starts in Guerneville during July and August. These are qualifier races for the Ironman Triathlon that occurs in Hawaii.
Many visitors rent canoes at locations a few minutes upstream of Guerneville (for example, Mirabel Beach in Forestville) and spend a day paddling downstream, through calm water as well as mild rapids, stopping at beaches and enjoying the occasional rope swing, ending the day in Guerneville, where a bus takes them back. You can also rent canoes and/or kayaks at the Monte Rio beach and in Duncans Mills.
Duncans Mills hosts a rodeo and Civil War re-enactments throughout the summer. It is also known as an antique and eclectic art shopper's paradise; the quaint shopping village has everything from antiques to river gnomes. Villa Grande is a quiet hamlet along the river. At the Fourth of July, the neighbors host a local Bring Your Own Picnic and historical cannons are fired at the end of a Minute Man parade.
Sonoma County has some of the best restaurants in Northern California, catering to all budgets. You can easily find restaurants ranging from budget to upscale, with cuisines running the gamut from Vietnamese to Italian to Turkish to Oaxacan. It is a food-lover's paradise.
Farmer's markets abound in the summer and are not to be missed.
Likewise, small, artisan food producers are featured along Sonoma Counties "Farm Trails." Be sure to try the local olive oil, honey, bread, and outstanding cheeses.
For a very local experience that is light on the pocketbook, try any local Taqueria. The Mexican seafood in area is particularly delicious.
For upscale cuisine, head to downtown Petaluma, Santa Rosa, Healdsburg, or Sonoma. There are dozens of picks, many of which are award-winning.
- Cape Fear. Diner in Duncans Mills offers innovative and surprising meals in a range of styles from down-home to nouvelle cuisine.
Sonoma's more than 250 wineries are one main attraction. Main wine varieties produced include zinfandel, pinot noir, chardonnay, sauvignon blanc (also called "fume blanc"), cabernet sauvignon, merlot, syrah.
3 world class Brewpubs, Third Street AleWorks & Russian River Brewing in Santa Rosa, Bear Republic in Healdsburg and Hopmonk Tavern in Sebastopol.
- The Blue Heron,. Downstream in Duncans Mills, is a good bar and eatery that features live music outdoors on weekend afternoons in the summer.
- 1 Mendocino County - Lying halfway between San Francisco and the Oregon border, Sonoma County's northern neighbor boasts redwood forests, wineries, breweries, and remote, untouched coastline. In addition to its natural features, the county is home to the largest Buddhist Temple in the Western Hemisphere, the 400+ acre City of Ten Thousand Buddhas in Ukiah. The Mendocino Coast Botanical Gardens, located near Fort Bragg, is a 47 acre public garden with oceanside views. While hikers and backpackers will find no shortage of options, those looking for less strenuous ways to enjoy the scenery can ride the Skunk Train, a railroad that has been in operation since 1885 and takes riders 40 miles through old growth forests and across historic trestles between Fort Bragg and Willits.
- 2 Lake County - Rural Lake County lies northeast of Sonoma County and is named after Clear Lake, a body of water that is believed to be 2.5 million years old and thus the oldest lake in North America. The lake is sometimes called the "Bass Capital of the West", and its 100 miles of shoreline offer ample opportunity for fishing, boating, swimming and birdwatching. The county is also home to the Clear Lake Volcanic Field, a region that includes lava domes, cinder cones, the 4,305 foot tall volcano Mount Konocti, and the world's largest geothermal field with more than twenty geothermal power plants.
- 3 Napa County - Neighboring Sonoma County to the east, America's preeminent wine-producing region attracts more than five million annual visitors to over 200 wineries, often overcrowding the roadways on summer weekends. Travelers will find world-famous restaurants to complement the wines, and lodging that includes luxury spas, B&Bs, and upscale hotels. Those uninterested in viticulture may choose to enjoy the hot springs of Calistoga or hike/bike the many parks and trails in the area's beautiful rolling hills.
- 4 Solano County - Located across the Bay to the southeast of Sonoma County, Solano County is far more rural than the other Bay Area counties, and includes significant portions of the California Delta, as well as parts of San Pablo Bay. Two of the county's cities served as early state capitals: Vallejo was the capital in 1852 and again in 1853, while Benicia served as the capital from February 1853 until February 1854; today Benicia Capitol State Historic Park provides the opportunity for visitors to explore the Capitol building from that era.
- 5 Contra Costa County - Sonoma County's southeastern neighbor is a primarily residential county that offers a vast array of food, shopping, and lodging options for Bay Area visitors. The landscape is dominated by Mount Diablo, a peak that provides excellent hiking opportunities and, on clear days, summit views that stretch for well over 100 miles in all directions. Other attractions include the John Muir Historic Site in Martinez, the estate of Nobel winning playwright Eugene O'Neill in Danville, and a WWII shipyard, now a national historic site, in Richmond.
- 6 San Francisco - The heart of the Bay Area, famous for its scenic beauty and unique culture.
- 7 Marin County - Visitors to Sonoma County's neighbor to the south can see migrating gray whales while strolling the wind-swept beaches of Point Reyes National Seashore, take in the views of the Golden Gate Bridge from the Marin Headlands, or soak in the majesty of the redwoods at Muir Woods National Monument. The county's tiny towns are full of character, and include the artistic enclave of Sausalito, as well as Bolinas, whose reclusive residents are notorious for removing any road sign that points the way into their town.