The Lesser Antilles are an archipelago in the southeastern Caribbean, forming a barrier between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
These islands were the first part of the New World to be settled and colonised by Europeans. While some islands are independent nations (and among the world's smallest by land area and population), others are associated with European or American countries, usually through choice in referendum and some are completely integrated with their mainland as integral parts.
The Leeward Islands are a vestige of the colonial era. Only Antigua and Barbuda and Saint Kitts and Nevis are sovereign nations; the other islands being dependencies of other countries. Their collective name was given as they are less exposed to the trade winds.
Do not confuse with Leeward Antilles in the southern Caribbean.
- 1 Anguilla, a dependency of the United Kingdom
- 2 Antigua and Barbuda
- 3 British Virgin Islands, a dependency of the United Kingdom
- 4 Guadeloupe, an overseas department of France
- 5 Montserrat, a dependency of the United Kingdom
- 6 Saba, a municipality of the Netherlands
- 7 Saint-Barthélemy, an overseas department of France
- 8 Saint Martin, a French-Dutch dependency
- 9 Saint Kitts and Nevis
- 10 Sint Eustatius, a municipality of the Netherlands
- 11 U.S. Virgin Islands, a dependency of the United States
The Windward Islands got their name as they are more exposed to the trade winds from the east. Except French department Martinique, the islands are sovereign nations.
- 12 Barbados, east of the archipelago, and not part of the Windward Islands proper
- 13 Dominica
- 14 Martinique, an overseas department of France
- 15 Saint Lucia
- 16 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- 17 Grenada
- 18 Trinidad and Tobago, south-east of the archipelago, and not part of the Windward Islands proper
- 1 Basse-Terre – Guadeloupe's largest island and the department's capital
- 2 Bridgetown – Barbados' capital and its only city
- 3 Castries – Saint Lucia's capital
- 4 Gustavia – the capital of Saint-Barthélemy, centred around a colourful rectangular harbour
- 5 Kingstown – Saint Vincent and the Grenadines' capital city
- 6 Philipsburg – the Dutch capital of Sint Maarten
- 7 Port-of-Spain - the capital of Trinidad & Tobago
- 8 Saint John's – the capital of Antigua & Barbuda
- 9 Saint Thomas – the most populous of the USVI
- 1 Guadeloupe National Park – Guadeloupe's only national park filled with lush rainforests
- 2 Morne Trois Pitons National Park – a UNESCO World Heritage Site with some pretty impressive landforms
- 3 Virgin Islands National Park – a US national park containing a great trace of civilisation
Most islands are served by flights from the United States and their (former) suzerain country.
- Clayton J. Lloyd International Airport (AXA IATA)
- V.C. Bird International (ANU IATA)
- Pointe-à-Pitre International Airport (PTP IATA)
- John A. Osborne Airport (MNI IATA)
- Juancho E. Yrausquin Airport (SAB IATA)
They are also served by cruise ships.