Ankara is Turkey's capital, and its second city in size after Istanbul. Literally and figuratively, it is at the heart of Turkey and of Central Anatolia, the surrounding region.

Modern cityscape of Ankara, as viewed from the path leading to Anıtkabir

Ankara is a sprawling, modern city which can appear as little more than a dull, concrete jungle at first glance. Most non-local Turks view Ankara as a depressive and grey city with nothing in offer other than the boring world of politics and the dreary brutalist governmental buildings — many often liken the overall vibe to that of a blue-filtered Iron Curtain capital straight out of a Cold War film. Consequently, many tourists tend to use it merely as a transit point for getting to places like Konya or Cappadocia. However, Ankara does have a lot to offer for those prepared to look a bit deeper: as the proud capital of the Turkish Republic, it is easy to trace the steps of the early republican years here, whether it be in the shape of the fine buildings of the first national architecture movement or the 1940s monuments following the totalitarian aesthetics of the era. Local museums abound with some of the best pieces of art in the country, ancient and modern. And since it was built on the mostly barren Central Anatolian steppelands, Ankara vigorously pursued a policy of tree planting, which resulted in many parks and forestlands around it, adding to its charms.


Ankara is the administrative hub of Turkey and a huge university town, so it has a large population of government workers and university students. As the national capital Ankara is home to a large population of foreign diplomats and embassy staff, it offers goods and services that might be more difficult to find in other Turkish cities; for example you will have no problem ordering a cappuccino or a hamburger. Its population is around 5.7 million (2018).

Like most Turks, the locals are generally friendly and helpful to tourists. Ankara has a large university student population and many young people can communicate in English, but it's still a good idea to have a Turkish phrasebook or dictionary on hand.

Apart from the old town in and around the citadel near Ulus, and unplanned shanty town neighbourhoods here and there built hastily by new immigrants from countryside since the 1960s, most of Ankara, which was a provincial town of 20,000 people in the early days of the Republic, is a purpose-built capital due to its strategic location at the heart of the country, although the history of settlement in the vicinity is millennia old.

While the biggest claim to fame of the town used to be the long-haired local breed of goats named after the former name of the city (Angora), out of which high quality mohair textiles were produced, today the few places where you can spot them in the city is the lawns in some parks or at the sides of clover-leaf interchanges on the highways—in the form of cute sculptures.


Climate chart (explanation)
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation+Snow totals in mm
Imperial conversion
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation+Snow totals in inches
Ankara: Kizilay square

The city centre is around Kızılay Square (Kızılay Meydanı, named after the headquarters of the Red Crescent, the Turkish equivalent of the Red Cross, now replaced by a modern shopping mall) which has a fair number of transportation links to almost anywhere in the city. To the north, Kızılay Square is connected by a wide avenue, Atatürk Boulevard, to the squares of Sıhhiye (Ottoman Turkish for "sanitary works" as this has been the site of the building of the Ministry of Health since the foundation of the republic), marked by an unmissable Hittite monument in the middle of its roundabout, and Ulus ("nation", the site of the major institutions of the early years of the republic, such as the old parliament), which has a large equestrian monument of Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the republic, at its side. Ulus, the adjoining Hisar district around the hilltop citadel, and Hamamönü just south of it down the hill form the old town of Ankara.

To the immediate south of Kızılay lies the upmarket (and uphill) districts of Kavaklıdere, Gaziosmanpaşa and Çankaya. The city's most expensive hotels and restaurants are found in this region, as are most of the embassies and consular services.

Southwest of Kızılay, past the aptly named Bakanlıklar ("ministries") district, İsmet İnönü Boulevard (named after the second Turkish president) leads into the area collectively known as Eskişehir Yolu (literally "the Eskişehir road"), which is lined by most of Ankara's large and afforested university campuses and the buildings of the administrative institutions, including the National Parliament. The area becomes exurbs several tens of kilometres out of the city, which eventually give way to the wide open steppe.


Ankara experiences a semi-arid, continental climate, with hot, dry summers and cold, snowy winters. Similarly to most other continental climates, the season with the highest rainfall is spring, when afternoon showers and thunderstorms are common.

Summers are fairly hot, and temperatures regularly see the 30°C mark, especially during July and August. Humidity is also quite low during the summer, which makes the heat more tolerable. Partly because of this low humidity, summer nights are often on the chilly side, with some nights being chilly enough that someone with light clothing might get uncomfortable.

Winters, on the other hand, are quite cold and often snowy, even though the snow is generally not very heavy and extreme cold (below -20°C) is very rare. Night-time temperatures are often moderated by the remnants of Mediterranean humidity at this time of year, mitigating the extreme cold that is experienced further east in the country.

Spring and fall are mild, but with chilly to cold nights. However, autumn is generally a better time to visit Ankara, especially early on in the season. This is because of the fact that spring is storm season in Ankara, when heavy afternoon thunderstorms occasionally cause flash flooding, damaging winds and hail.

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

Ankara Esenboga International Airport
  • 1 Ankara Esenboğa Airport (ESB IATA). The only civilian airport in Ankara. There are few international flights: apart from Turkish Airlines (THY), only Lufthansa, Austrian Airlines and British Airways offer direct flights to their respective European hubs. As of 2022, Turkish low-cost carrier Anadolu Jet also has a direct flight from Belgrade, Serbia, and Iran Air has two weekly flights to Tehran. For other carriers flying into Turkey, a flight into Istanbul is necessary, followed by an air transfer to Ankara by Turkish Airlines or Anadolu Jet (a low cost brand of Turkish Airlines). Ankara Esenboğa Airport (Q430490) on Wikidata Esenboğa International Airport on Wikipedia

The airport is about 30 km (19 mi) north of the centre, and parts of the main road leading there are often congested, so allow sufficient time prior to departure.

The only means of public transport are public buses numbered 442 (4 TL with one pass cards). It starts from the airport and follows a main artery to Ankara, passing through almost all central points, including train station, Kızılay, Aşti̇ (intercity bus terminal). You can expect it to be rather crowded and as they don't have separate sections for luggage, you might get exhausted at the end of the journey. HAVAS provides a shuttle from Aşti̇ bus terminal every hour at :30 from 04:30 to 22:30 (1-hour trip, 27 TL as of sept 2022). Belko Air's shuttle leaves from train station, Kizilay, and Aşti̇ every 30 minutes between 06:00 and 00:00 (45 min, 11 TL as of Apr 2020. A taxi would cost you around 100-140 TL one way, metered.

By train[edit]

Ankara is the eastern terminus of the Turkish YHT high-speed rail system, with frequent fast trains to Konya, and via Eskişehir to Istanbul. Trains to Eskişehir and Konya take 90 minutes (with two continuing to Karaman) and those stations are within 3-5 km of their town centres, so they are easy day trips. Trains to Istanbul take 4½ hours; they also stop at Pendik, 25 km east of city centre and convenient for Istanbul Sabiha Gokcen airport (10 km, taxi or bus). The fare from Istanbul is 168 TL economy, 252 TL business (Apr 2022); from Konya or Eskişehir it's 84 TL / 128 TL (Sep 2022).

An overnight train runs between Istanbul and Ankara. It leaves Istanbul Halkali nightly at 22:00, picking up at Söğütlüçeşme, Bostanci and Pendik plus nine other intermediate stations, reaching Sincan then Ankara before 07:00. The return service has similar times, taking about nine hours, and there are seats and sleepers plus a dining car.

A slow train, the Bogazici Express, departs Ankara around 08:00 and plods via Eskişehir (towards noon) to Arifiye for 14:30. It returns from Arifiye at 15:30, reaching Eskişehir after 18:00 and Ankara at 21:30. It stops at a dozen small intermediate places and you'd only catch it to reach one of those.

To Izmir, the Izmir Mavi leaves Ankara at 19:00 and takes 14 hrs overnight via Eskişehir and Kütahya; the return departs Izmir Basmane station at 18:00.

Destinations east of Ankara are served by slow overnight trains. The main services are to Diyarbakir and Kurtalan (the Guney Kurtalan Express), to Erzurum and Kars (the Dogu Express), and to Tatvan (the Vangölü Express), thence by dolmus to Van. From Van a train runs once a week to Tabriz and Tehran in Iran.

Some of these trains have tourist versions. For instance the Tourist Dogu Express runs daily year-round from Ankara to Kars with long stops for sightseeing eastbound at İliç (for Kemaliye), Erzincan and Erzurum; the westbound train makes long stops at Divriği and Bostankaya. Total journey time is 30 hours; in 2022 these trains are suspended.

For all times and reservations (strongly recommended) see TCDD Turkish Republic State Railways website.

A high-speed line is under construction from Ankara eastwards, and the first section to Kayseri and Sivas might open in 2022. The railway from Turkey to Georgia and Azerbaijan only carries freight, but passenger trains are expected to start in 2022. International trains to Syria and Iraq are all suspended indefinitely.

  • 2 Ankara railway station, Hipodrom Cd. The north side is the original 1930s Art Deco station for conventional trains and Baskentray suburban lines, and quickest accessed off Hipodrom Cd. South side is the modern extension for YHT trains, quickest accessed off Celal Bayar Blv: this is gleaming steel and glass, with a shopping mall and hotel to complete the resemblance to an airport. The nearest metro station is Ulus. Ankara railway station (Q800389) on Wikidata Ankara railway station on Wikipedia

By bus[edit]

If you are travelling from places other than Istanbul, you will find buses fast, inexpensive, and modern. Watch out for the drivers spraying your hands with lemon cologne if you do not like it.

Most of the cities in Turkey have direct buses to the capital of Turkey. From Istanbul to Ankara, the bus trip takes around 6 hours and one way fare is between 55 and 85 TL. The fare varies by bus companies. Usually big companies like Pamukkale, Kamil Koç, Metro and Ulusoy have higher fares when other regional bus companies have lower prices. However, the trip takes around 8 hours when you prefer these cheap regional bus companies. There are a lot of online services for buying tickets, but most of the time, companies' own websites offer lower prices.

  • 3 Ankara Intercity Terminal (Ankara Şehirlerarası Terminal İşletmeleri AŞTİ, pronounced "ahsh-tee"), Beştepeler Mh. (connected to the Kızılay Square by the light rail: 'AŞTİ' . There are also free of charge shuttle buses to Kızılay (and a number of other locations) run by the AŞTİ administration. They depart from behind the main building.), +90 312 207 1000, fax: +90 312 207 1010, . The buses terminate at this bus station (otogar), a huge, two-storey building with extended wings on sides. The arrivals are to the lower floor, and the departures from the upper floor, unless the service has Ankara as an interim stop — best to double check at the ticket counter.

Get around[edit]

The city has a dense public bus network, a two-line subway called Ankara Metrosu and a single line suburban railway called Ankara Banliyö Treni.

For tourists, Ankara's public transit system, particularly the public bus network, can be difficult to figure out, because maps are rare and all information is in Turkish. Nor is there any access provided for disabled travellers in any form of public transport. Buses and metros tend to be very crowded during rush hours, especially on Mondays and Fridays.

If you know the city well, public transportation, especially the metro, is an ideal, easy, quick and cheap way to get around particularly for longer distances. For shorter distances taxis are an easy, quick and cheap way to get around.

By bus[edit]

EGO card

There are two types of public buses in Ankara; those run by the Ankara Municipality named Ankara Belediye Otobüsleri (EGO) and those run by a private corporation named Ankara Özel Halk Otobüsleri (ÖHO). You can differentiate these two types by their colours. EGO-run buses are white and blue while ÖHO-run buses are blue. Both types of these public buses use the same bus network and bus stops.

Ankara Municipal Buses[edit]

The Ankara Municipal Buses, named Ankara Belediye Otobüsleri (EGO), consists of an extensive and dense bus network, and is owned and operated by the Ankara Municipality.

Payment system for municipal buses is based on multi-use magnetic cards which are also used for the metro; starting from the smallest available which is the 1-unit card which costs 1.65 TL, 2-unit cards which cost 3.30 TL, 3-unit cards which cost 4.95 TL, 5-unit cards which cost 8.25 TL, 10-unit cards which cost 16.50 TL and 20-unit cards which cost 33.00 TL. A free transfer with the magnetic cards is possible within a duration of 45 minutes between the bus lines and metro lines. The magnetic cards cannot be purchased in buses and have to be purchased beforehand at kiosks and metro stations.

No stops and maps are displayed in the buses and bus stops nor announced by voice in the buses. However all current bus information is available online at the EGO English website. In addition, apps for smartphones are available with the same functionality.

Ankara Non-Municipal Public Buses[edit]

The Ankara Non-Municipal Public Buses, Ankara Özel Halk Otobüsleri (ÖHO), consists of an extensive and dense bus network, operated by a private corporation.

Payment system for non-municipal buses is with cash. The ticket, which is only a one-way ticket, is purchased in buses at a cost of 2.75 TL.

Unfortunately, no stops and maps are displayed in the buses and bus stops nor announced by voice in the buses.

By metro[edit]

Ankara Metro allows for quick access.
Ankara metro lines

The Ankara Metro, named Ankara Metrosu, consists of two metro lines, which are called Ankaray and Ankara Metro which is owned and operated by the Ankara Municipality .

The west–east light-rail line named Ankaray and the north–south heavy-rail Ankara Metro line are both mostly underground lines and intersect at Kızılay station.

The Ankaray line runs between AŞTİ (the intercity bus station), Kızılay, and Dikimevi.

The Ankara Metro line runs between the northwestern suburbs (Batıkent and Törekent among others) and those along the Eskişehir Highway in the southwest (e.g., Çayyolu) through Ulus and Kızılay. Another line serves the north (Keçiören).

Payment for the subway is based on multi-use magnetic cards which is also used for the municipal buses; starting from the smallest available which is the 1-unit card which costs 1.65 TL, 2-unit cards which cost 3.30 TL, 3-unit cards which cost 4.95 TL, 5-unit cards which cost 8.25 TL, 10-unit cards which cost 16.50 TL and 20-unit cards which cost 33.00 TL. A free transfer with the magnetic cards is possible within a duration of 45 minutes between the bus lines and metro lines. The magnetic cards can be purchased at kiosks and metro stations.

All stations are announced both on a display and by voice in the metros.

By suburban railway[edit]

Ankara Suburban Railway (Ankara Banliyö Treni) consists of a single line, between Sincan and Eryaman in the west, through the city center, to Kayaş in the east. Trains run every 15 mins between about 06:00 and 22:00 [1]. The line is 37.0 km long, all of it above ground, and has 24 stations. There's nothing of visitor interest near the outlying stations, but Eryaman is an interchange with YHT trains to Konya, Eskişehir and Istanbul Pendik.

Buy tickets in cash at any station. A one-way ticket costs 1.70 TL and a return ticket costs 3.00 TL.

The entire line was closed for over a year due to construction at Ankara station and surrounding tracks, but it re-opened in April 2018. It's owned and operated by Turkish State Railways.

By taxi[edit]

Taxis are numerous in Ankara and are recognizable by their yellow color and word Taksi on top of the car. All licensed taxis have the letter T in their license plates.

The fare shown on the meter reads according to distance traveled. The ride will start at 4,60 TL, and the rate is 3.40 TL per kilometre. The rates for day and night are same. Tipping is not done other than rounding the fare to the next 50 kurus or 1 TL.

Occasionally, some taxi drivers will refuse to start the meter and try to negotiate a fixed price, especially with tourists. But most taxi drivers will start taximeters at all times. You should avoid these cabs and simply take another one as you will almost certainly end paying too much. Many taxi drivers, even though very few of them speak a foreign language, will understand your requested destination and instructions. Tell them then to put the taximeter on. Taxi drivers do normally work with the taximeter, so they will not be surprised at all when you ask them to put it on. Emphasize to the taxi driver that you will pay for the meter price before getting in.

Always try to stop a taxi that is passing by on the road or find a legitimate taxi stop.

If you are not familiar with the city and see that you are a tourist, the taxi driver may drive a detour in order to charge you more. Insist on going to the destination that you want, and have a map to show them your destination, to avoid a detour.

All taxis are required to have the designated license plate with the letter T apart from their yellow colouring.

Be careful about what notes you hand them for payment; some taxi drivers have tried to pretend that the 50 TL note that was handed was just a 5 TL note. Occasionally taxi drivers may actually also rip notes you give them, and tell you it is no good, in order to make you hand them a 50 TL note. So, make sure the notes are not ripped, and is actually the right one before you hand them over. Do not buy their quick-sell tricks and also do not allow them to round the price up to the higher denomination.

By car[edit]

If you aren't used to Turkish driving habits, it's best to skip driving around in Ankara — the local drivers are fast, unpredictable and impatient (even by Turkish standards), and parking space is hard to come by to top it off.



Holy Places[edit]

  • 1 Kocatepe Mosque (Kocatepe Camii), Olgunlar Cd, Kızılay ( Kizilay N 1km). Built between 1967 and 1987, this mosque is built in a neoclassical Ottoman architecture style, and is an eclectic building. Kocatepe Mosque (Q853935) on Wikidata Kocatepe Mosque on Wikipedia
  • 2 Hacı Bayram Mosque (Hacı Bayram Veli Cami), Sarıbağ Sk (near the Temple of Augustus - Ulus SW 0.7 km). Restored by architect Mimar Sinan in the 16th century, with Kütahya tiles being added in the 18th century. Just next door is the small tomb of Hacı Bayram Veli, a poet and Sufi, who settled in Ankara in the 15th century to spread his teachings. This is considered to be the holiest shrine in the city by pious Muslims, who can be found praying in and outside the tomb in large numbers regardless of the time of the day. Take a look inside to see the colourful dome topping the structure. Hacı Bayram Mosque (Q769575) on Wikidata Hacı Bayram Mosque on Wikipedia
  • 3 Arslanhane Mosque (Arslanhane (Ahi Şerafeddin) Camii), Can Sk ( Kurtuluş S 1km). A 13th-century Seljuk mosque near the citadel, and quite worth the effort to climb up the steep hill leading there. Has a finely carved wooden ceiling supported by a "forest" of stately wooden columns, following the style of a few such mosques dispersed throughout Anatolia. Aslanhane Mosque (Q6033876) on Wikidata Aslanhane Mosque on Wikipedia
  • 4 Sultan Alaeddin Mosque (Sultan Alaeddin Cami), Altındağ (: 'Ulus' W 1 km). It has a carved walnut mimber, the inscription on which records that the mosque was completed in early AH 574 (which corresponds to the summer of 1178 AD) by the Seljuk Sultan. Ankara's first mosque was built in former Kaleici district. Sultan Alaeddin Mosque (Q3906397) on Wikidata
  • 5 Ahi Elvan Mosque (Ahi Elvan Camii), Koyunpazari Sk. (: 'Ulus' NW 1.7 km). was constructed during the late 14th and early 15th centuries. The finely carved walnut mimber (pulpit) is of particular interest.
  • 6 Yeni Mosque (Cenab Ahmet Mosque, Ulucanlar Yeni Cami), Ulucanlar Avenue (Ulucanlar Caddesi) (Cebeci Tren İstanbul 600 m SE, or Dikimevi). Built by the famous architect Sinan in the 16th century. The mimber (pulpit) and mihrap (prayer niche) are of white marble, and the mosque is made of Ankara stone, an example of very fine workmanship.
Anıtkabir, Kemal Atatürk's Mausoleum
Atakule Tower in Çankaya, Ankara.


Ethnography Museum
  • 7 Ankara Ethnography Museum (Etnoğrafya Müzesi), Türk Ocağı Cad./Talat Paşa Bulv, Ulus (opposite the Opera House Sıhhiye 0.5km). Tu-Su 08:30-17:00. Ethnography Museum of Ankara (Q4533056) on Wikidata Ethnography Museum of Ankara on Wikipedia
  • 8 Museum of Anatolian Civilizations (Anadolu Medeniyetleri Müzesi), Gözcü Sokak 2 (on the way to the citadel from AkköprüUlus 1.0 km W), +90 312 3243160, fax: +90 312 3112839, . Apr-Oct 08:30-19:00, Nov-Mar 08:30-17:15. Display of the artifacts from the pre-Greek and -Roman Asia Minor/Anatolian civilizations. Contains the best bits of sculptures and reliefs of the ancient Near East. The oldest artifacts on display date back to the Paleolithic. This museum is one of the best in Turkey and by itself makes Ankara certainly worthwhile to visit. 15 TL. Museum of Anatolian Civilizations (Q754322) on Wikidata Museum of Anatolian Civilizations on Wikipedia
  • 9 State Art and Sculpture Museum (Resim-Heykel Müzesi), Türkocağı Sokak, Altındağ (near the Ethnography Museum - Sıhhiye). Hosts galleries with temporary exhibitions as well as a permanent display of Turkish art from late 1800s to today. State Art and Sculpture Museum (Q4818221) on Wikidata State Art and Sculpture Museum on Wikipedia
  • 10 Cer Modern, Altınsoy Cad. No:3 06101 Sıhhıye, ( Maltepe or Sıhhiye 0.5 km), . Tu-Su 10:00-18:00. The m10) modern art museum of the city, Cer Modern is housed in the historic power plant building of Turkish Railways. Contemporary art. - P: +90 312 3100000 F: +90 312 3101000
  • 11 Rahmi M. Koc Museum (Çengelhan Rahmi Koç Museum), Koyunpazarı Sk 64-76 ( Ulus 1.3 km West), +90 312 309 6800. Similar to Istanbul's industrial museum (of which Çengelhan is a part), the technological progress since the 1850s is on display in this museum housed in an old Ottoman caravanserai, what was the former Çengel Han, an Ottoman era caravanserai (han) which was completed in 1523, during the early years of the reign of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. The lower floor is reserved for a carpet gallery, agricultural machinery and pharmaceutical exhibits. Various machines, medicine, everyday life tools and road transport vehicles are exhibited in the ground floor. A brasserie is also at the ground floor. The upper floor hosts sections of rail transport items, toys, communications, scientific instruments, maritime and navigation. There are also sections about Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of modern Turkey; Vehbi Koç, Rahmi Koç's father and one of the first industrialists of Turkey, and Ankara city Çengelhan Rahmi M. Koç Museum (Q8077662) on Wikidata Çengelhan Rahmi M. Koç Museum on Wikipedia
  • 12 Ankara Aviation Museum (Türk Hava Kurumu Müzesi), Etimesgut, Doğanbey Mh. or Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bulvarı (İstanbul Yolu) (near highway to Istanbul - Subayevleri Tren İstanbul Stn.), +90 (312) 2248550. W-Su 09:00-16:30. Various aircraft, aviation items, missiles and whatnot are in the exhibition, as are MiGs from the other side of Iron Curtain. Museum of Turkish Aeronautical Association (Q4765968) on Wikidata Museum of Turkish Aeronautical Association on Wikipedia
  • 13 METU Science and Technology Museum (Odtu Bilim Ve Teknoloji Müzesi), ODTÜ Kampüsü A-8 Kapısı (ODTÜ Teknokent Kapısı), Dumlupınar Bulvarı No:1 (on Middle East Technical University campus, on the highway to Eskişehir, 7 km away from the city center. - Nearest Metro Stn. Aşti ~3 km), +90 312 210 2000. M-F 09:30-15:30. METU Science and Technology Museum (Q6715515) on Wikidata METU Science and Technology Museum on Wikipedia
  • 14 Stamps Museum at Turkish Telecom, Aydinlikevler district, Çağdaş Sk No:57 (From : 'Kültür Merkezi' 2.5 km NE). daily 08:30-17:00.
  • 15 Mehmet Akif Ersoy Old House & Museum, Hacettepe University Campus, Sıhhiye (: Akköprü 0.7 km east), +90 312 3052144. Mehmet Akif Ersoy Museum House (Q6086284) on Wikidata
  • 16 Mehmet Akif Ersoy Literature Museum Library (Mehmet Akif Ersoy Edebiyat Müze Kütüphanesi), Hacettepe Mah. Sarıkadı sok. No: 47 Hamamönü, Altındağ ( Kurtuluş 0.4 km S), +90 312 3122864, fax: +90 312 3122864. Tu-Su 10:00-19:00.
  • 17 Liberation War Museum (War of Independence Museum, Kurtuluş Savaşı Müzesi), Karşıyaka Mh., Cumhuriyet Cd No:14/22 (: Ulus 0.3 km southwest), +90 312 310 5361. This was the first building that hosted the Turkish Republican Parliament. The 1921-22 War of Independence was directed from here, as evidenced by photographs and other items in the display. Waxworks of former Turkish presidents are also on display.
  • 18 Hacettepe University Arts Museum, Sihhiye district, inside the university's cultural center. evher Nesibe Cd. (: 'Sihhiye'). M-F 10:00-17:00. You can see over 250 works of many Turkish painters and artists from the early ages of the Republic until our times.
Column of Julian the Apostate
  • 19 Roman Road of Ankara (Cardo Maximus). This is an ancient Roman road
  • Artifacts of Pious Foundations (Vakif) Museum, Ataturk Boulevard in Ulus (: 'Ulus'). There are Turkish carpets from 15th and 16th centuries, historic candle holders and Korans, old watches, woodworks from 13th century, traditional tiles and many other ethnographic objects.
  • 20 Çankaya Mansion (Çankaya Köşkü), Ziaur Rahman Cd, Çankaya ( Kızılay 4 km N), +90 312 403 54 44, . Sa-Su 13:00-17:00, Tu-Fr by appointment only (but closed as of Apr 2022 due to restoration). With the latter additions combining western and Turkish architectural styles, this is a late Ottoman countryside manor that Kemal Atatürk took a personal liking, and became the official residence of the Turkish presidency after the capital was moved to Ankara — for long, Çankaya was a metonym for the president or the presidency in Turkish. It served in that capacity until 2018, when the president's residence was moved 10 km north to the Ak Palace, a monster of a building with more than a thousand rooms and inaccessible to the public even from a great distance. The Çankaya Mansion has since been a museum. Free. Cankaya Mansion (Q8077521) on Wikidata Çankaya Mansion on Wikipedia
  • 21 Altınköy Open Air Museum (Altınköy Açık Hava Müzesi), 2022 Sk, Beşikkaya, Altındağ (14 km (8.7 mi) northeast of the centre), +90 312 375 15 88. Tu-Su 10:00-19:00. A reconstruction of the 1930s-50s Anatolian village life, including actual wooden structures relocated from rural Western Karadeniz. Offers dining options. 7 TL (2 TL for students). Crossing the rope suspension bridge over the valley is 2 TL extra (1 TL for students). Altınköy Open Air Museum (Q56438830) on Wikidata
  • 22 Ulucanlar Prison Museum (Ulucanlar Cezaevi Müzesi), Ulucanlar Cd 63, Hacettepe, Altındağ (2 km (1.2 mi) east of Ulus; Cebeci 600 m S, Dikimevi 950 m SE), +90 312 507 01 38, . Tu-Su 10:00-16:00. A prison established in 1925, Ulucanlar had a significant role in political repression in Turkey. It was converted to a museum in 2011. 9 TL (3 TL for students). Ulucanlar Prison Museum (Q190497) on Wikidata Ulucanlar Prison Museum on Wikipedia

Archaeological remains[edit]

  • 23 Citadel (: 'Ulus' 1.3 km West). There were laid by the Galatians on a prominent lava outcrop, and the rest was completed by the Romans. Walk through the cobbled streets lined by old houses to climb up to one of the towers, which offers a good view of the sprawling city below and the surrounding mountains. Ankara Castle (Q206225) on Wikidata Ankara Castle on Wikipedia
  • 24 Roman Theatre (Antik Roma Tiyatrosu), Hisar Parkı Cd No:~18/Çankırı Cad. Dışkapı ( Ulus 1.0 km west), +90 312 3107280. The remains, the stage, and the backstage of the Roman theatre can be seen outside the castle.
  • 25 Temple of Augustus and Rome (Monumentum Ancyranum), Sarıbağ Sk. The remains of a temple constructed between 25 BC - 20 BC after the Roman conquest of central Anatolia. and created the formation of the Roman province of Galatia, with Ancyra (modern Ankara) as its administrative capital. The temple, on the ancient Acropolis of Ancyra, was enlarged by the Romans in the 2nd century. In the 5th century it was converted into a church by the Byzantines. Its remains, some sturdy rock-cut walls decorated by ancient motifs, lie just next to the mosque and tomb of Hacı Bayram Veli, marking this site as a sacred one.
  • 26 Column of Julian (Julian Sütunu, Belkıs Minaresi) (at a small square behind the İş Bankası building, Ulus). A Roman column erected in 362 CE to commemorate the visit of Emperor Julian (r. 355–363) to Ancyra.
  • 27 Roman Bath (Roma Hamami), Çankırı Cd (walk up the street north from Ulus Square, 15 min). Excavated ruins accessible to the public. Typical features of a classical Roman bath complex: a frigidarium (cold room), a tepidarium (warm room) and a caldarium (hot room). The baths were built during the reign of the Roman emperor Caracalla in the early 3rd century AD to honor Asclepios, the God of Medicine. Today, only the basement and first floors remain. Roman Baths of Ankara (Q7361597) on Wikidata Roman Baths of Ankara on Wikipedia


  • 28 Anıtkabir, Mareşal Fevzi Çakmak Cd 55-71 (20 min walk from the Tandoğan/Anadolu station, along a road that smoothly climbs uphill through the forest that surrounds the mausoleum grounds). Daily. Completed in 1953 on an imposing hill in the Anittepe quarter of the city is the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey. The mausoleum and its adjacent buildings make an especial effort to combine the elements of both ancient Anatolian and ancient Turkish art. A museum underneath displays a large collection of Atatürk memorabilia and provides an excellent overview of modern Turkey's history, and the wars that led to the proclamation of the republic. Australians and New Zealanders in particular will find it interesting to hear the story of Gallipoli presented from the Turkish point of view.
    • Atatürk's Tomb (Mausoleum) and Museum, Anıt Caddesi Tandoğan, +90 312 2317975. Tu-Su. There is a museum housing a superior wax statue of Atatürk; writings, letters and items belonging to Atatürk, as well as an exhibition of photographs recordings of important moments of his life
  • 29 Atakule Tower. A 125 m-high communications and observation tower in the Çankaya district. The highest structure of the city, with a shopping mall located under the tower. However, the tower itself has been closed for visits as of January 2022.
  • 30 Victory Monument (Zafer Anıtı), Ulus square. Erected in 1927, the monument is made of marble and bronze, and features an equestrian statue of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Since it was erected a year before the "alphabet reform", it is one of the very few republican monuments in Turkey that has an inscription written in Ottoman Turkish, using the Arabic script. Victory Monument (Q140152) on Wikidata Victory Monument (Ankara) on Wikipedia
  • Monument to a Secure, Confident Future, Güven Park (near Kızılay Square). Built in 1935 and bears Atatürk's advice to his people: "Turk! Be proud, work hard, and believe in yourself." Features the statues of two gun-holding men with a rough look, presumably representing the Turkish police and the Turkish army, all perfectly fitting the totalitarian art style fashionable during the years the monument was erected.
  • Hatti Monument, Sıhhiye Square (Sıhhiye). Built in the 1970s, this impressive monument symbolizes the Hatti gods and commemorates Anatolia. It features the statues of a deer and two oxen, similar to those found in innumerable archaeological sites throughout Central Anatolia, all surrounded by a stylized Hittite sun disc.
  • 31 Akköprü (in the northwestern suburbs, : Akköprü). A 13th-century stone bridge (the oldest in Ankara) built by the Seljuk Turks spanning the Çubuk River. Despite its name, Turkish for "white bridge", it is made of local reddish stones that are ubiquitously used in many other major buildings of Ankara. Once on the trade route between Istanbul and Baghdad through Ankara, it is now engulfed by suburban development on all sides, and may not worth the effort of heading there just for the sake of it unless you are enthusiastic about old stone bridges, but perhaps visit if you are around for nearby Ankamall or the Etlik bus station, where the minibuses for the nearby towns depart from.


Ankara offers a good selection of cinemas both in Kavaklıdere and Çankaya and several concert halls for classical music and opera. Many universities promote concerts and spring festivals but these are sometimes open to their students only. Folk and traditional music is very alive, from small bars and restaurants to big concert halls where you can find local stars like Musa Eroğlu.

Parks and gardens[edit]

Fountain in Akif Ersoy Park

Depending on your interests, you can find trekking in local parks and in the surroundings, visiting the museums or hunting for the Ottoman or Selçuk remains in the ancient castle. Upscale shopping centers like Armada along the Eskisehir road also offer cinemas and quality restaurants.

  • 1 Abdi Ipekci Park (Abdi İpekçi Parkı), Sağlık Mh. ( Sıhhiye 200 m). See here the 'Hands' statue
  • 2 Adile Nasit Park (Adile Naşit Park), Kuzgun Sokak, Ayrancı.
  • 3 Ankara Botanic Park (Botanik Parkı), Çankaya Street, Cinnah Street, Çankaya Mh. (, Kizilay).
  • 4 Atatürk Forest Farm and Zoo (Atatürk Orman Çiftliği ve Hayvanat Bahçesi), Alparslan Türkeş Caddesi (Çiftlik Cd.) No:150 (Train stop 'Gazi Mh. Tren İstasyonu' ~one km). This is an expansive recreational farming area, which houses a zoo, several small agricultural farms, greenhouses, restaurants, a dairy farm and a brewery. It was started by Kemal Atatürk, who wanted to prove that the neglected steppes around Ankara could be converted into a lush, fertile agricultural land.
  • 5 Genclik Park (Gençlik Parki), Doğanbey Mh., Ulus Dolmuşları ( Ulus 100 m). The earliest park of the city, which features a large lake in the middle with cafes and restaurants along its sides, and an amusement park complete with a rollercoaster.
  • 6 Goksu Park (Göksu Parki), Etimesgut suburb (Etimesgut Train Station 2 km south or nearest Metro Stn Batikent SE 3 km). Enjoy the scenic Susuz Lake (Gölu)
  • 7 Guvenpark (Güvenpark), Kizilay square (, Kizilay 100 m). A small park surrounding the Security Monument
  • 8 Korea Park (Kore Parkı, Kore Şehitleri Anıtı), Hipodrum Street ( Tandoğan 700 m SW). A stylized Korean pagoda in this park commemorates the Turkish soldiers who lost their lives in the Korean War.
  • 9 Kugulu Park (Kuğulu Park), Atatürk Boulevard, Polonniya Street, Kavaklıdere (, Kizilay 2 km North - Near to Egyptian Embassy). Fountains and contemporary sculptures. Famous for, and named after, the swans (Turkish: kuğu) inhabiting the small pond in the middle of the park.


Ankara's Castle (Kale) has been a trade centre for centuries, and its sellers of carpets, leather and antiquities are slowly moving upmarket hoping to attract the tourist trade. It's still a delicious place for walking and browsing, and there are family firms where you can buy, for a price, excellent carpets and kilims. Walking down from the castle you can walk through the covered market, an iron structure reminiscent of places like Les Halles in Paris, where you can buy very cheap and excellent produce.

Ankara has a number of large shopping malls each of them offering fashion stores (including Zara, Mango, Harvey Nichols, Marks and Spencer), technology retailers (like Media Markt and Electro World) supermarkets (like Carrefoursa and Tesco/Kipa). Many of the new malls are located on the Eskişehir Yolu, including Armada, Cepa, Kentpark and Gordion.

  • 1 Ankamall (Ankamall alışveriş merkezi) (in the northwestern suburbs, : Akköprü). The largest one of Ankara's shopping malls.
  • Armada Tower Ankara Shopping Mall (Armada Alışveriş Merkezi.).
  • Atakule Mall (At Atakule tower).
  • 2 Karum Shopping center (Karum Alışveriş Merkezinin), Iran Street (Caddesi).
  • 3 Metromall Shopping Center (Metromall Alışveriş Merkezi), 30 Ağustos Dumlupınar Cd No: 2/A Eryaman, Etimesgut, +90 312 504 15 15. 10:00-22:00.


Ankara is best known with its "döner kebap". In order to pick a good döner restaurant (there are many) you should take a look at the döner round. it should be rectangular and the cuts must be flat and separated.

Like many other capitals, Ankara is where you can eat the best and the freshest fish of the country all around the year (not the cheapest, though). Around Sakarya str., there are various types of fish restaurants, from fast food to stylish ones and it can be a good opportunity to also try rakı, which is known as a companion of fish. But fish restaurants abound in the city; in Çankaya there are at least two excellent ones, "Akdeniz Akdeniz" and "Lazoli" featuring the first Mediterranean and the second Black Sea cuisine. "Ege", located close to Tunali street, is another excellent choice for fish and raki. The restaurant has also a variety of wines. If you want to listen good Turkish classical music while you eat and drink raki, then "Sudem" should be seen. It is located on Olgunlar Street.

There are also plenty of cheaper restaurant options in Kızılay and Maltepe, selling fast food or kebaps, döner, lahmacun. In Çankaya, Tunali, GOP region you may find various types of Turkish cuisine and luxurious restaurants where prices go higher.

Besides many classic iskender kebab restaurants there are also many restaurants featuring the traditional cuisine of a specific city, catering to the community of more affluent immigrants: from the spicy Urfa to the variety of vegetables coming with Adana kebab. Uludag Kebabcisi on Denizciler Caddesi in Ulus has been around for about sixty years and is a top of the line restaurant mainly serving Iskender kebap.

Finally, as the national capital, Ankara has a large population of diplomats, and hence there are a number of "international" restaurants in Kavaklıdere and Çankaya (also where the majority of diplomatic missions are located). Prices tend to be on the steep side.


Around the Güvenpark[edit]

  • 1 Filiz Çay Evi, Cumhuriyet, Selanik Cd No:18/15.
  • 2 Meşhur Adıyaman Çiğköftecisi, Kocatepe, Ziya Gökalp Cd. No:14 D:B.
  • 3 Zelal Cafe, Kocatepe Mh., Yüksel Cd. 24/A.
  • 4 Kızılay Komagene, Mithatpaşa Cd. 56/B,.
  • 5 Ward Restaurant and café مطعم ورد, Bayındır-1 Sk..

Around the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations[edit]

  • 6 Filiz Çay Evi, Selanik Cd No:18/15.
  • 7 Lezzet Dünyası, Denizciler Cd. No:48.

Around the metro station Dikimevi[edit]

  • 8 Meşhur Köfteci Behçet & Savaş Dayı, Cebeci, Tanyeli Sk. 4/A.
  • 9 Meşhur Köftecİ Zabİt Baba, Demirlibahçe, 75/A, Talatpaşa Blv.
  • 10 Kirik Oklava, Fakülteler, Cemal Gürsel Cad. No:16/A.
  • 11 Cebeci Komagene, Fakülteler, Cemal Gürsel Cad. No:51.


  • 12 Yargitay Evi Lokali, Milli Müdafa Cd 10, Kızılay. The terrace has a good view of Kızılay Square. The service and food quality are nice, the employees are diligent and friendly.
  • 13 Marti Restaurant, Bayındır-2 Sk 37, Kocatepe. It has a nice and relaxing atmosphere. There are two outdoor seating areas. The appetizers are great, and the food is perhaps even more so.
  • 14 Hanzade Konağı, Hacettepe İnanli Sok., Hamamönü, Tacettin Dergahi Karşisi No:5. It is a very stylish place with plants hanging on the wall and from the ceiling. Decor, presentation and taste are great. Employees are smiling and interested.
  • 15 Kınacızade Konağı, Kale, Kale Kapısı Sk. No:28. Best touristic attraction point within the castle with cozy, traditional and peaceful atmosphere. Traditional Anatolian cousine. A restaurant that smells like history.
  • 16 Urumchi Uyghur Restaurant, Ön Cebeci, Ziya Gökalp Cd. No: 76. It's a great place for those who want to try different flavors and the food is delicious. You should definitely try the famous roasted macaroni. The staff are unbelievably friendly.
  • 17 Tarihi Mutfak Lokantası, Kocatepe, Mithatpaşa Cd. No:64. Historical Kitchen Restaurant. Typical Turkish cuisine. One of the places that make the best beyti in Ankara. A great presentation and the waiters are incredible.


  • 18 Quick China, Büyükesat, Uğur Mumcu Sk. No:64/B. Good option for Chinese and Thai cookings. Quick China's branch on the Park Avenue "Park caddesi" is also very good, particularly for a Sunday brunch.


  • 1 Papsi bar, Tunalı Hilmi Cd. A good choice to take a cold beer in a friendly atmosphere for years
  • "Kitir" and "Random" bars, Tunali (adjacent to Kugulu Park). Two other popular bars
  • Corvus, Bestekar Street. offering rock music.
  • The Soul Pub, Kavaklıdere Mh., Olgunlar Cd No:18, 06420 Ankara, +90 312 424 0 144.

There are many bars and places to drink on that street which is parallel to Bestekar. The Edge, Twister, Hayyami (wine bar) are nice places.

Sakal on Kennedy Street is a unique place with electronic, reggae or retro (offering different kinds of music). On the same street Mono is pleasant place to drink. Tunus Street, parallel to Bestekar is another street where you may find many pubs like Retrox, Flat, James Cook and Zodiac. If Performance Hall, Manhattan, Overall and Siyah-Beyaz are places where you can drink and dance till 04:00 with live rock music. There normally are rock cover bands and a huge crowd, especially on Friday and Saturday nights in these places.

"Sakarya" is full of the cheapest solutions. Among the best places in Sakarya, one should note "Net", which is a good choice not only take a glass of beer or raki, but also to eat. "Buyuk Ekspres" is also a nice old bar of the town. Also Eski-Yeni, Pasaj and Telwe are nice bars where you may find rock or alternative live music styles with cheaper drink prices compared to Tunali, Çankaya region.

"Park Avenue" -in Konutkent district- is the new street for classy bars, cafes and night clubs. You may also find second branch of Kitir, Random & Crossroads in "Park Avenue". Istanbul's fashionable night club Sortie has also opened in this avenue and is a nice place to drink any kind of drinks and listen to latest club mixes. Narquilla is a great place to have your nargile while drinking beer and enjoying nice food.

Also, there are meyhanes (tavern) in which fixed menus are served with drinks and classic Turkish music played. There are bars and restaurants also in the historic core of Ankara, close to citadel. You definitely have to go and return by taxi though.

Don't expect a lively gay life of Istanbul in Ankara. No-one comes to Ankara for its amazing gay life, however you can still enjoy your time while you are here. It has only one gay bar-club (Sixties) and it is open only on Wednesday, Friday and Saturday nights. It gets pretty crowded after 00:00 and plays Turkish and Western pop music. In addition to that, though it is not a gay bar, Eski-Yeni Bar in Sakarya Caddesi (street) seems to attract a gay-lesbian crowd especially in its bottom floor. Kaos GL and Pembe Hayat, the leading queer organizations in Ankara, hold activities throughout the year.



  • 1 Deeps Hostel, Çankaya, Ataç-2 Sokak (,: Kizilay). from 85 TL.


  • Ankara Palas. A historic hotel completed in 1927.
  • 2 Sheraton Hotel (Kavaklıdere district). the most visible and glitzy hotel in Ankara.
  • Hilton (Next corner from the Sheraton).
  • Radisson (near the train station - Metro Ulus).
  • Swissotel (an obscure back alley in Çankaya).
  • Ramada, Tunalı Hilmi street (Kavaklıdere).
  • King Hotel (behind the Parliament, near the American Embassy).
  • Hotel Midas, Tunus Caddesi (north of Kavaklidere).
  • Hotel Gold, Tunus Caddesi (north of Kavaklidere).
  • Angora House boutique hotel (Citadel district). A charming place in an Ottoman era house.
  • Crowne Plaza Ankara Hotel, Mevlana Bulvarı No: 2, 06330, Akköprü. Next door to the 30 ha shopping center Ankamall.

Stay safe[edit]

Ankara is probably one of the safest big cities you will ever visit. Most people, including single females, would very rarely encounter problems walking along the streets alone at night. Street crime is extremely rare, even late at night. However, "little crime" does not mean "no crime", and common sense should still be applied as anywhere in the world. Petty crime such as pickpocketing can occur especially in crowded areas. Therefore, one should always take care of their belongings and keep bags closed.

The biggest danger for visitors is the road traffic, because there is little respect for pedestrians. Every road should be crossed carefully and very quickly. Even if pedestrian traffic lights show green, it is absolutely essential to have a watchful eye. At crosswalks definitely look out before crossing the street.

Another danger for pedestrians, are the sidewalks because they are often in a very poor condition. Because of the poor or irregular renovation of pavements, many of them have loose paving stones and holes in the asphalt. The risk of tripping and hurting oneself should not be underestimated.

Ankara Police Department has a "tourism police" section with staff multilingual in English, German, French, and Arabic.



Ankara is the national capital and most countries have an embassy (or equivalent consular service). These are useful if you need consular assistance from your own country, or need to obtain visas to other countries. The embassies are generally located in the suburbs just to the south of the city centre, such as Kavaklıdere, Gaziosmanpaşa and Çankaya.


Ankara has 4G from all Turkish carriers. 5G is expected to be rolled out in 2021.


Northwest: see "Go next" for towns along D140.


1 Lake Mogan Lake Mogan on Wikipedia (Mogan Gölü) is 20 km (12 mi) away from the city centre, by the suburb of Gölbaşı. Mogan Park is a large recreational area on the western rim (5 TL access fee for cars, 2022), with numerous waterside cafes and picnic areas.

2 Haymana Haymana, Ankara on Wikipedia stands on a namesake plateau 80 km (50 mi) from Ankara. The swimwear and towels hanging from the shops in its centre give it a surprising beach town feel — its hot springs have been famous since the Middle Ages, but the facilities downtown seem decrepit.

3 Tuz Gölü Lake Tuz on Wikipedia is the large salt lake 130 km (81 mi) south on Highway D750; see Aksaray.

East from Tuz Gölü across the Kızılırmak Valley is 4 Kaman Kaman, Kırşehir on Wikipedia, 180 km (110 mi) from Ankara. The town is mildly famous for its walnuts regionally but is otherwise undistinguished. Even so, head further 8 km (5.0 mi) east to 5 Çağırkan for the wonderful Prince Mikasa Memorial Garden (free entry), a hillside Japanese garden combining all traditional design elements. The perimeter of the garden, which seamlessly morphes into the barren outcrops towering over, is marked by serene Scots pine stands, all in a great contrast with the open fields and the arid steppelands below. Its supposedly unlikely location is due to the excavations conducted by Japanese archaeologists at the Kalehöyük mound next door; the finds are exhibited in an adjacent museum (daily 08:00-19:00, 20 TL, 2022).

Go next[edit]

  • Northwest Highway D140 follows an ancient trade and pilgrimage route from Baghdad to Ankara and Constantinople. Towns along it westbound are Ayaş, Beypazarı, Çayırhan and Nallıhan.
  • Gordion, Yassihoyuk, (96 km west. - near Polatlı off the highway to Eskişehir). This is one of the most important ancient cities in Turkey and is from Ankara in. The city had been home for Hittites, Phyrigians, Persians, Greeks, and Romans since 3000 B.C. The remnants of the city are displayed in Gordion Museum and Anatolian Civilizations Museum in Ulus.
  • Kızılcahamam (to north). This is a town with many thermal springs, surrounded by forests—a welcome retreat from the arid landscapes around Ankara.
  • Boğazkale (to northeast). is the hub for visiting ancient Hattuşaş, the capital of Hittites.
  • Gavurkale and Kulhoyuk, Haymana town (60 km south-west of Ankara). rock friezes and Hittite burial grounds
  • Soguksu National Park.
  • Road and rail routes fan out of Ankara across Turkey.
Routes through Ankara
BursaEskişehir  W  S  → Junction (S) → AksarayAdana
Ends at (IstanbulW E) ← Gerede ←  N  S  END
Zonguldak ← Gökçebey ( E) ← Yeniçağa ( W / E) ←  N  S  AksarayTarsus
END  W  E  → Kırıkkale ( N / S) → Yozgat ( N) → Sivas
ENDAfyonkarahisar  W  E  HacıbektaşElazığ
IstanbulEskişehir ← Junction S  W  E  END
END  W Doğu Ekspresi (the Eastern Express) E  KayseriKars

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