Cruising the Baltic Sea
- This topic is about international cruise ships visiting the Baltic Sea. See Baltic Sea ferries for local cruiseferries on the Baltic Sea. See Boating on the Baltic Sea for information for yachters.
The Baltic Sea is one of the newer choices in Cruise travel destinations. Like the Alaska cruises this one is only available in the summer months but it is a great way to visit the countries in Northern Europe, Germany, and Poland. This is a popular Cruise line destination and provides access to most of Northern Europe as the Mediterranean Sea does for Southern Europe.
The Baltic Sea is a brackish inland sea bounded by the Scandinavian Peninsula, the mainland of Europe, and the Danish islands. While brackish this salt content is fairly low at the surface and swimming pools on board ships should be much more pleasant to swim in than those cruising the open ocean.
The idea of cruising is to visit places and this sea provides connections to many interesting places. The following countries have outlets on the Baltic Sea (moving clockwise)
- Norway – This country is on an inlet between the North Sea and Baltic Sea, but it is included here as Oslo is often listed as a destination city for Baltic Sea cruises as well as cruising the Oslofjord.
- Sweden – Typical ports include Stockholm, Visby, Helsingborg, and Gothenburg. Cruising the Stockholm Archipelago is also popular.
- Finland – Ports include Helsinki and Vaasa.
- Russia – Eastern most destination St. Petersburg (A visa might be required to go ashore independent of ships' shore excursions)
- Estonia – Ports include Tallinn and the island of Saaremaa
- Latvia – Ports include Riga.
- Lithuania – Ports include Klaipėda
- Poland – Ports include Gdynia, Gdańsk, Hel, Swinoujscie.
- Germany – Ports include Warnemünde (provides access to Berlin), Kiel (provides access to Hamburg), and Lübeck (Travemünde).
- Denmark – Ports include Aarhus, Copenhagen, Skagen, and Rønne, Bornholm.
- Kaliningrad Oblast – a small exclave of Russia, between Lithuania and Poland. You need to get visa for Russia to enter Kaliningrad Oblast and proceed through customs.
- Rotterdam, The Netherlands – sometimes the starting or ending destination for a Baltic cruise.
- Amsterdam, The Netherlands – sometimes the starting or ending destination for a Baltic cruise.
Much of the Baltic sea ices over in the winter so cruises are limited to the summer season. Local cruise ferries are built for the conditions and continue traffic all year round.
On Shipboard, the air temperature is dominated by the sea temperature which, in turn, depends on the melting of the Winter accumulation of ice each spring. However, by July air temperatures will reach 16 or 17 °C (61–63 °F) rising to 22 °C (72 °F) near mainland coasts.
As soon as the ice melts the sea temperature rises rapidly in late Spring and early Summer. For example, the Danish islands and in the Southern Baltic near Kaliningrad will only reach 10 or 11 °C (50–52 °F) in May but will rise to 17 to 18 °C (63–64 °F) by August. To the south of Gotland the May temperatures of 5 or 6 (41–43) will become about 16 °C (61 F) in August. Even in the Gulf of Finland, where the May temperature averages of just 1 °C (34 °F), it rises to 16 °C (61 °F) or higher approaching St Petersburg in August. The day time temperatures over land can be as high as 30°C (86 °F) on occasion but will normally be in the mid to lower 20s.
Thunderstorms can strike the area at any time of the year but the late Spring and Summer months (from May to August) will typically have from 2 to 3 thunderstorms per month at Copenhagen and Stockholm rising to 4 or 5 towards the east near Riga, St Petersburg and Helsinki.
Cruising the sea
The Baltic Sea is a large body of water with several bays but is relatively isolated from the ocean. Thus the tides are minimal and the surface fairly smooth in the absence of an actual storm. Cruising this overgrown lake should be a pleasant and smooth experience most of the time.
There is also a canal between the sea and the ocean. Some cruises feature a trip through the Kiel Canal. This can be an interesting experience if you have never been through a canal before. This is a very busy place.
Major Cruise Ships frequent these waters with tours that last 10 to 14 days depending on what countries you want to visit. Typically no cruise will reach all of the countries so you have to be choosy. Often one ship will travel the Baltic Sea alternating between a clockwise and counterclockwise traversal of the sea. Some sea days (days without docking) are to be expected.
Somewhat longer cruises may venture out into the North Sea. And North Sea cruises may also sample a few spots in the Baltic. Most cruises will only stop at a few of the available ports so be sure and study the itinerary to determine which sites are featured.
Some smaller lines offer short trips of 3 or 4 days and visit ports in only 1 or 2 countries. A 7-day cruise can leave from England and reach a few destinations in the Baltic Sea. A Riga–Stockholm–Tallinn–Helsinki–Saint Petersburg cruise (or parts of it) can also be done with the Baltic Sea cruise ferries, although that involves changing ships most days and corresponding logistics trouble.
Here are a sampling of some of the longer cruises available. This listing does not constitute an endorsement of any particular cruise line. Cruise lines often change the itineraries every year.
12-day 2011 cruise on SeaDream Yacht Club:
|4||St. Petersburg, Russia||same|
|5||St. Petersburg, Russia||same|
|8||Visby, Gotland, Sweden||same|
|10||Sassnitz, Ruegen Island, Germany||same|
|12||At sea||At sea|
10-day cruise on Princess Cruise line: (two cruises are shown depending on departure date)
|5||St. Petersburg, Russia||same|
|6||St. Petersburg, Russia||same|
|8||Gdansk (Gdynia), Poland||same|
|9||Berlin (Warnemunde), Germany||At Sea|
|10||Helsingborg, Sweden||Oslo, Norway|
|10||Copenhagen, Denmark (10 PM)|
12-day cruise on Holland America Cruise line: (this cruise alternates between the itinerary shown and the reverse order depending on the departure date)
|3||St. Petersburg, Russia|
|4||St. Petersburg, Russia|
|8||Berlin (Warnemunde), Germany|
|12||Rotterdam, The Netherlands|
12-day cruise on Celebrity Cruise line. Similar to the reversed Holland America cruise except for the start/ending location.
|2||Berlin (Warnemunde), Germany|
|6||St. Petersburg, Russia|
|7||St. Petersburg, Russia|
Most of the distinct Baltic Cruises feature an extended stay in St. Petersburg, Russia. This means you can visit the historic city for a couple of full days while returning and sleeping on the ship at night. If you only go ashore using shipboard excursions you will not need a separate visa (as of 2009).
Some cruises feature Berlin, Germany in the brochures. As you can see from the map above Berlin is no where near the sea and a visit to the city is not included in the price of the cruise. A shore excursion to Berlin will typically cost more that $200 and will take 3 to 3½ hours to reach the city. Travel can be by bus or rail. The cruise ship accommodates this long travel time by arriving early and leaving late. Even with the 6 or 7 hours travel time you will could still have 7 or 8 hours in the city (depending on the cruise). Of course, a shore excursion is optional and you can choose to enjoy the local fishing village or not even leave the ship if you prefer.
Some cruises make a stop in Kiel, Germany which features the Kiel canal, a very popular and busy canal in Europe. A few cruises may even traverse this canal as a way to get from the North Sea to the Baltic sea or vice versa. Traversing the canal is an interesting experience.
The terminal cities for these cruises are great destinations in themselves so you may wish to extend your trip by a day or two.